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20 In-Depth Global and US Auto Sales Statistics For 2021

Posted by [email protected] on October 26, 2021 at 11:00 AM Comments comments (0)

When it comes to the good ol’ in the USA, auto sales have seen a huge spike in numbers due to increased economic output, improved transportation infrastructure, and the on-going industrialization of the world. What’s more, our sources indicate that some 74–78 million vehicles are sold around the world every year.

 

Still, a significant percentage of these vehicles are sold in the US (more so than anywhere else in the world), where the automotive market is worth tens of billions of dollars annually.

 

This article will cover the most important US auto sales statistics to help readers gain a better understanding of the market. Some of the main topics that will be discussed include the number of car sales by model and manufacturer, vehicle sales by state, the number of yearly car purchases, the increased prevalence of electric cars, and more.

 

So, without further ado, let’s dive straight in!

 

Car Sales Statistics in the US — Editor’s Choice

In terms of US car sales by model, the Ford F-Series represents the best-selling US car with 896,526 units sold during 2019.

In 2019, some 17 million vehicles were sold in the US alone.

Second-hand vehicle sales have increased twofold compared to new cars in the US.

According to Statista, roughly 74 million new cars will be sold in 2020 worldwide.

During 2018, a total of 896,007 personal vehicles were sold in California, which ranks first in terms of US car sales.


Car Sales During the 2020 Coronavirus Pandemic

1. We saw a decline in car sales in 2020 across the board.

The global pandemic hit businesses around the world and brought major economies to a halt in 2020. The auto industry was no exception and North American car sales dropped across the board among all auto manufacturers in every state.

 

Many people lost their businesses and jobs and this uncertainty of the economic future prevented consumers from unnecessarily spending money on cars. People kept a working primary vehicle and upgrading or purchasing secondary vehicles became unimportant.

 

2. In 2020 the search volume for best car deals and truck deals has grown 70% globally from March 22 to March 28 versus March 15 to March 21 of the same year.

The automotive industry’s outlook on the overall decrease of car sales in 2020 prompted them to offer deals on cars and trucks. Price is always a huge factor for consumers when it comes to buying cars and these deals offer a substantial relief on car and truck prices.

 

In many countries, automakers offered no-interest financing and no-penalty payment deferments deals. Consumers took notice and search volumes for best car deals and truck deals grew 70% around the world from March 22 to March 28, 2020, versus the previous week.

3. While car sales overall were down in the summer of 2020, they were up among 18-35-year-olds due to the fear of contracting the virus in public transport or in rideshares.

These car sales records were especially true for 18-35-year-olds living in cities who had never needed cars prior to the pandemic. They did not want to travel in rideshares and public transport to maintain social distancing and a car seemed like the ultimate PPE because it creates a bubble for travelers.

 

Moreover, since the pandemic cities now have limited activities, young adults are more interested in activities like hiking and beaches. These are open-air and safe activities that are not restricted. While most city dwellers would previously rent cars for driving out of the city for that purpose, they are now interested in buying cars as long-term solutions and avoiding recently used rented cars.

4. Nearly half of US consumers (47%) are planning to keep their current vehicle longer than they originally expected.

This is a direct result of the consumer pullback from buying new vehicles. New car sales were at their lowest in many countries as indicated by auto sales history and the US was a part of this trend. Other major countries following this consumer trend included Germany at 40%, Japan at 48%, and China at 65%.

US auto sales Report by Year

6. 2016 was the year with the largest number of retail light-vehicle sales (passenger cars and light trucks) in the US, as seen in the following table:

Year Number of Cars Sold

2010 11.55 million

2011 12.74 million

2012 14.43 million

2013 15.53 million

2014 16.45 million

2015 17.39 million

2016 17.46 million

2017 17.13 million

2018 17.21 million

2019 16.96 million

Based on this car sales data table, we start noticing trends that have influenced the US auto sales market in recent years.

 

US auto sales reached an all-time low in 2009 largely due to the economic crisis (of the period) when only 10.4 million vehicles were sold in the US. Yet, soon after, we got an all-time high 17.46 million units being sold in 2016.

 

Recent automobile sales figures seem to indicate that the number of cars being sold is slowly decreasing. Yet, it is doing so at a rate that is currently having no impact whatsoever on the automotive industry as a whole.

 

Additionally, most experts suggest that the appearance of cheaper and better electric cars will soon drive these numbers up again.

 

New Cars vs Used Cars

7. 61.4% of car buyers prefer to buy from a dealership.

Car buyers prefer dealerships and in the pandemic situation, the low number of car buyers actively wanted to purchase from them. A big part of the car market in the USA responded to this by moving toward digital car dealing means.

 

These dealerships began to offer online chat negotiations, online estimates for trade-ins, and digital retailing and financing options. Some even began to offer home delivery services so car buyers would not have to visit the dealership for anything during the pandemic.

8. Total auto sales for second-hand vehicles have increased twofold compared to new car sales in the US

Over time, the recorded data has shown that the number of new car sales has never exceeded the number of used vehicles sold during the same reference period.

 

9. 40.42 million used cars were sold in 2018, compared to just 17.21 million new vehicles

Similar used and new car statistics have been reported annually for the past decade. For instance, 17.14 million new cars and 39.2 million used cars were sold back in 2017.

 

10. 2009 marked the worst year for both new and second-hand car sales

Due to the financial crisis, only 10.4 million new cars and 35.5 million used vehicles were sold in the US in 2009, as pointed out by annual car sales, in what is often referred to as the worst year for vehicle sales. Similar trends were reported in other regions of the world as well.

 

11. 2005 was the year with the largest number of second-hand car sales in the US, according to the table below:

 

Year The Number of Used Cars Sold

2000 41.6 million

2005 44.1 million

2010 38.8 million

2014 41.2 million

 

US Vehicle Sales by State

12. The highest number of car sales is most often recorded in California — in 2018, a total of 896,007 personal vehicles were sold in said state

2018’s numbers place California well above most other states, as we will see later on in more depth.

 

13. Florida represents the second-highest state in terms of the number of cars being sold in 2018 according to US auto sales statistics.

According to Statista, 511,530 passenger car sales were recorded, as shown by automotive sales figures. This highlights California’s supremacy in terms of overall vehicle sales within the States.

 

When accounting for second-hand sales as well, reports indicate that roughly 1.3 million light vehicles were sold and purchased in Florida during the same year.

 

14. Texas ranked third on the said list with 450,825 new car sales in 2018, as shown by automobile sales data down below:

1st place: California, 896,007 sales

2nd place: Florida, 511,530 sales

3rd place: Texas, 450,825 sales

4th place: New York, 280,607 sales

5th place: Oklahoma, 260,175 sales

6th place: Illinois, 184,752 sales

7th place: Pennsylvania, 179,470 sales

8th place: Georgia, 179,402 sales

9th place: Ohio 175,681 sales

10th place: North Carolina, 153,736 sales

 

US Electric Car Sales Statistics

15. California represents the largest US market for electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids, as shown by US annual car sales

This is mostly due to California’s friendly regulatory framework towards electric vehicles. The state has also financed the creation of several electric vehicle charging points, thus contributing to the local EV infrastructure.

 

16. 4.7% of new vehicles sold during 2018 in California were EVs

This percentage gets even higher if we take second-hand sales into account, as reported by automotive statistics. Thus, it is no surprise that California is actively incentivizing electric vehicles, while also allowing trials of self-driving cars.

18. There were 3.3 million electric vehicles in use worldwide during 2018

Since then, it is quite likely that the number has surpassed the 4 million units threshold. The appearance of multiple affordable models will lead to an even higher increase in EV sales, as reported by most market experts. Thus, over the next few years, the world will see an abrupt increase in electric vehicle sales numbers.

 

19. Tesla currently represents the best-selling EV brand in the US

This statistic isn’t just applicable to the US exclusively. Rather, Tesla represents the world’s biggest EV manufacturer, with millions of units sold around the globe.

 

20. The Tesla Model 3 was the best-selling EV in the US, back in 2018

Model 3 was designed to serve as an affordable run-of-the-mill EV, meant to target budget car sales. Yet, it remains quite luxurious when compared to most other cars on the market. Its low price, high range, and insane acceleration performance makes it one of the best EVs available on the market today.

 

21. In 2018, 2 million plug-in light vehicles were sold around the globe

These numbers are growing rapidly as more and more businesses pursue long-term sustainability through eco-friendly alternatives. This also includes the number of EV cars sold in the US.

 

22. 7.3% of newly-registered cars in the UK operate via alternative fuel sources

Similar values are being recorded in other Western countries as well. Regardless, Northern Europe is paving the way in terms of overall EV usage.

 

23. 0.8% of European cars were classed as either hybrid or electric vehicles during 2017

As such, the European market is also seeing the numerous benefits of electric vehicles. However, mass-adoption is not feasible, nor sustainable if the charging infrastructure is not upgraded. When making a comparison with US auto sales by model, the same brands are popular in both Europe and the US. Still, Europe sees more NEVs.

 

Worldwide Car Sales Statistics

24. According to Statista, roughly 74 million new cars will be sold in 2020 worldwide

This is based on predictions made by auto industry experts. We can notice a downward trend caused by the slowdown in the global economy — the number of car sales by the company has declined over the past few years. An important factor worth pointing out is that initial predictions pointed towards the sale of 80 million units during 2019 — however, this figure was never reached.

25. Approximately 21 million vehicles were sold in China in 2019

Asia accounts for a significant percentage of global car sales. Yet, the biggest share is held by the Chinese market, thanks to its large population and vast purchasing power.

Hopefully, the US auto sales statistics featured in this article have expanded your understanding of the car market in the US as well as around the globe. Most trends indicate that in the future, the number of gas, petrol, and diesel-based vehicles will fall considerably, giving way to electric vehicles. Most manufacturers will remain in business, yet market changes will also favor electric-focused brands such as Tesla and other relevant competitors, which will be responsible for a significant percentage of future American cars’ sales.

 

If you consider purchasing a new car, we strongly recommend that you find the best car insurance in order to protect your investment.



JJ Rawlings Confirmed Dead

Posted by [email protected] on November 12, 2020 at 10:55 AM Comments comments (39)

The former president  passed on, today, November 12, 2020, after a brief illness.

 

According to state-owned Daily Graphic, the former President had been on admission at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital for about a week for an undisclosed ailment. He was 73.

 

It will be recalled that Mr Rawlings recently lost and buried his mother last month.

 

Jerry John Rawlings was born in Accra on 22nd June 1947, to a Ghanaian mother from Dzelukope, near Keta, in the Volta Region, and a Scottish father.

 

Background of Rawlings

 

Jerry John Rawlings was born in Accra on 22nd June 1947, to a Ghanaian mother from Dzelukope, near Keta, in the Volta Region, and a Scottish father.

 

He was educated at Achimota School where he obtained his General Certificate of Education 'O' Level in 1966.

 

He enlisted as a Flight Cadet in the Ghana Air Force in August 1967, and was subsequently selected for officer cadet training at the Ghana Military Academy and Training School, Teshie, in Accra.

Silent Carriersâ?� Are Helping Spread The Coronavirus. Hereâ??s What We Know About Them.

Posted by [email protected] on April 5, 2020 at 12:10 AM Comments comments (1)

People with no COVID-19 symptoms may be spreading the disease — but big questions remain about how much they are driving the pandemic.

People walk in a New York City park despite social distancing orders, March 26.

The journalists at BuzzFeed News are proud to bring you trustworthy and relevant reporting about the coronavirus. To help keep this news free, become a member and sign up for our newsletter, Outbreak Today.

 

Fever, a dry cough, fatigue: By now, these have become the telltale signs of COVID-19. But can it be unwittingly spread by people with no symptoms?

 

In late January and early February, when the disease had begun to spread outside China, leading health officials, including the World Health Organization, told the public that transmission from asymptomatic people was likely “rare,” based on information available at the time. “In all the history of respiratory-borne viruses of any type, asymptomatic transmission has never been the driver of outbreaks,” Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said on Jan. 28.

 

Those assessments were based on early data out of China, where the virus originated in late December. A few months later, as the coronavirus has afflicted more than 1 million people worldwide and killed 51,000 of them, scientists know a lot more about how the virus spreads. And an emerging body of data suggests that there are probably a significant number of infected people who don’t have symptoms but are likely to be transmitting the virus. Since they may not know that they’re sick, they may be taking fewer precautions than people with symptoms.

 

Researchers still don’t know how common these cases are or how much they are driving the pandemic. On Monday, the director of the CDC told NPR that the number of asymptomatic individuals “may be as many as 25%.”

 

Here’s what we know so far about these so-called silent carriers.

 

1. First, it’s important to keep in mind that “asymptomatic” is different from “presymptomatic.”

Being presymptomatic means you’ve been infected and don’t feel any symptoms at the time you get tested, but will develop them later on. In contrast, asymptomatic people never have any symptoms during the course of their infections at all.

 

That difference matters for the scientists who are racing to identify and count cases to study the spread of the virus. If you’re truly asymptomatic, you’re probably not going to get tested and would therefore never be counted by the health care system. But you may still be contributing to the virus’s spread.

 

Alternatively, suppose you are symptom-free when you test positive, only to later develop a fever and cough that you don’t report to your doctor. You might be mistakenly counted as asymptomatic rather than presymptomatic.

 

“Previously we had commonly used asymptomatic to include both groups so it's tough to break out of that thinking and lexicon,” Tara Smith, an epidemiologist at Kent State University, said by email. “But I think this pandemic has shown that there may be nuance between those who are not YET symptomatic and those who might NEVER show symptoms, and that seems to be important here.”

 

To Jeffrey Shaman, an infectious disease expert at Columbia University, the simpler and more important distinction is between “documented” versus “undocumented” cases — the latter being all infected people who aren’t diagnosed. Those could include a person who is very sick but “hates to go to the hospital or see a doctor and toughs it out at home,” he told BuzzFeed News.

 

It’s more likely that a lot of these undocumented COVID-19 cases have symptoms mild enough that they don’t feel the need to see a doctor, but are walking around in the world anyway, he said.

 

The slight differences in these terms matter. “They’re not all the same thing but are getting conflated,” Smith said.

2. Estimates for how many “silent carriers” there are vary. For asymptomatic cases, estimates range from 18% to 30% of all infections.

It’s tough to quantify the number of asymptomatic people, because they’re unlikely to seek testing on their own. But the coronavirus outbreak on the Diamond Princess cruise ship gave researchers a unique chance to study this — even if it was a nightmare for the 3,700 passengers and crew members trapped off the coast of Japan.

 

Held under quarantine over two weeks in February, many of the people on board were repeatedly tested and their symptoms, or lack thereof, were tracked. CDC researchers found that 46.5% of infected people did not have symptoms at the time of testing. Many eventually did develop symptoms, but statistical models suggest that 18% of infected cases remained asymptomatic.

 

One caveat is that the passengers were older than the general population. Elderly people are more likely to be severely affected or killed by COVID-19, while younger people are more likely to develop mild symptoms.

 

Because of the skewed demographics, Gerardo Chowell, a Georgia State University mathematical epidemiologist who led a study about asymptomatic cases aboard the Diamond Princess last month, thinks the true number of asymptomatic people in the world is around 30% or 40%. “We know there’s a substantial fraction of asymptomatic” cases, he told BuzzFeed News.

 

Other researchers have produced estimates in this ballpark. One recent report said 29%, but was based only on a group of two dozen people in China. Another reported 30% of COVID-19 patients may not have symptoms, based on screenings of 565 Japanese citizens evacuated out of Wuhan in February.

 

CDC director Robert Redfield offered up yet another percentage this week, telling NPR, “One of the [pieces of] information that we have pretty much confirmed now is that a significant number of individuals that are infected actually remain asymptomatic. That may be as many as 25%.” He did not cite what that figure was based on.

 

Part of why it has taken a while for scientists to realize the outsize role that people without symptoms may play in spreading the disease may be because of how the initial data out of China was reported.

 

As of Feb. 11, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention was reporting that of more than 72,000 reported cases in mainland China, about 1.2% were asymptomatic. The WHO–China joint report about the coronavirus, from mid-February, stated, “The proportion of truly asymptomatic infections is unclear but appears to be relatively rare and does not appear to be a major driver of transmission.”

 

But last week, the South China Morning Post reported that, according to confidential Chinese government data, more than 43,000 people in China had tested positive for the virus by the end of February “but had no immediate symptoms.” These people were not included in the government’s official tally, according to the news outlet, which suggested that these people could therefore be as high as one-third of those who test positive. Researchers told BuzzFeed News that this estimate seemed plausible.

 

Putting aside the presence or absence of symptoms, low testing rates, especially in the US, mean that we do not know about a large proportion of people with COVID-19.

 

Shaman, the Columbia infectious disease expert, thinks the proportion of undocumented cases — infected people who are not officially diagnosed — could be as high as 86% in some places, meaning that these “invisible” cases are driving the pandemic. That estimate, published last month, was based on projected activity in Wuhan in the weeks before China imposed strict travel restrictions to stem transmission.

 

Since the virus has spread beyond Wuhan, Shaman said, “We’re seeing increasing evidence that there’s a lot of virus out in the community, a lot of infections out there, much more so than are being confirmed.”

 

More precise numbers won’t be possible to determine without health-care systems that can treat and diagnose lots of patients — which may not exist in developing countries — and robust, widespread testing. The US was slow to start testing compared to countries like South Korea and still has not scaled it up to a level that public health experts say is necessary.

 

The most definitive testing would include running blood antibody tests on everybody, which could detect whether they ever had the virus even if they didn’t show symptoms. Singapore has been using these tests to trace infections, and the United Kingdom is preparing to roll them out as well.

 

 

NIH

Colorized scanning electron micrograph of a cell (blue) infected with the coronavirus, isolated from a patient sample.

 

3. Presymptomatic people can transmit the virus for a few days before they have symptoms, studies suggest.

The virus’s incubation period — the time between getting infected and showing symptoms — is about five days. That’s similar to that of the coronavirus that caused SARS. (For COVID-19, virtually everyone who develops symptoms does so by day 12.)

 

The problem is that people seem to be unwittingly spreading the new virus before they have symptoms, research suggests, and this presymptomatic transmission is happening at a more rapid rate than it did with SARS. With COVID-19, such transmission may even be happening more frequently than transmission from those with symptoms, researchers from Japan said in a study in late February.

 

“This suggests that a substantial proportion of secondary transmission may occur prior to illness onset,” they wrote.

 

Other research also supports the idea that presymptomatic transmission can happen for a few days before symptoms kick in. On Wednesday, the CDC released data about such cases in Singapore from late January to mid-March. In these cases, a person gave the virus to someone before they themselves developed symptoms, with no evidence that the second person had been exposed to anyone else who was infected.

 

In cases where researchers were able to confirm the dates of exposure, transmission happened one to three days before the originally infected patient developed symptoms, according to the report.

 

Scientists are still figuring out exactly when someone crosses the threshold from being infected to being able to infect others. The CDC says that someone can transmit the virus up to 48 hours before symptoms develop.

 

4. We don’t know with certainty that asymptomatic people are spreading the virus — though they probably are.

Completely symptom-free people can still carry around substantial amounts of the virus, also known as a person’s “viral load,” evidence suggests.

 

For example, researchers in China recently reported on one coronavirus patient who never developed symptoms, but whose viral load was similar to that of 17 others who did have symptoms. This “suggests the transmission potential of asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients,” according to a preliminary report in the New England Journal of Medicine last month. There have been other individual cases of asymptomatic transmission seeming to happen, as reported by researchers in China in February.

 

But it still hasn’t been definitively proven that these people are giving the virus to others. Proving that would mean checking asymptomatic people to see if they were actually excreting live virus, and therefore were infectious. Antibody tests, which can be done after an infection ends, would also confirm they were truly infected. Right now, “we really don’t know if people who are truly asymptomatic can transmit or not,” said Smith of Kent State University.

 

5. All of this reinforces the importance of staying home as much as you can (and, some say, of wearing a mask).

The possibility that people can unknowingly spread the virus has inspired a heated debate over whether everyone should be wearing masks in public — including homemade, nonmedical ones — to help avoid getting sick as well as to prevent infecting others. The CDC currently discourages healthy people from wearing them, but is reconsidering that guidance.

 

How well a mask wards off infection varies depending on the setting, use, and fabric, studies show. But Chowell, among other experts, is pro-mask all the time. “We all should be wearing some sort of mask whenever you go out and have to interact with other people,” he said.

 

Whether you cover your face or not, it’s still important to help prevent transmission by practicing socially distancing, which means staying 6 feet away from others in public, staying home as much as possible, and avoiding crowded places, according to public health experts and the CDC’s national guidelines. In a further attempt to reduce transmission, at least 30 states are issuing shelter-in-place orders that have closed schools, offices, parks, and nonessential businesses.

 

Until the virus is under control, we likely won’t fully understand what role non-diagnosed cases are playing in the outbreak.

 

“We know we have a problem,” said Juan Gutierrez, a mathematics professor who specializes in infectious disease modeling at the University of Texas at San Antonio. “We have a hint of what could be the size of the problem. And a story will emerge many months from now when we have widespread testing in the population and we can start ascertaining, ‘Who got affected?’ and then asking people, ‘did they ever get symptoms?’”

 


 

 


Loss of Smell Isn't Just a Coronavirus Symptom. It Could Be Key to Slowing the Spread.

Posted by [email protected] on April 5, 2020 at 12:05 AM Comments comments (0)

uarantine life is already enough fun when you still have a sense of smell. I realized mine was gone about a week and a half ago. I’d already had two solid days of what I assumed to be (mild) symptoms of COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus: head and body aches, fatigue, a slight fever. The night between, I had some serious chills. Overall, I was relatively lucky—though I don’t know for sure that I had it, since it is at this point unethical for me to seek a test that could go to better use. But it was only after the flu-like symptoms abated that I realized I was unable to smell food. Actually, a lot of the taste was stripped out of things as well. Because why shouldn’t one of the few remaining pleasures afforded to those of us blessed to live in the Year of Our Lord 2020—eating on the couch—get scratched off, too, along with "going places" and "doing things"?

 

To be clear, this wasn’t a zero-smell situation. There wasn’t nothing, some total absence of sensory input. There was something there that would flare up every time an external scent came wafting in. I would describe it as the scent of synthetic death, like some sort of chemical fire burned through the back of my nasal cavity and left a desiccated forest of nerve endings behind. When some odor would come billowing in, it would only succeed in activating the burnt-out nerves, like wind kicking up ash. Occasionally, the actual smell would poke through the smoke with around five or ten percent of its normal intensity. But the overwhelming sense was the back of my nose had become the California foothills during fire season.

 

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Talking to some other folks here in New York—now d.b.a. The Epicenter—I personally know at least three people who believe they had COVID-19 and lost their sense of smell in the bargain. In fact, it's emerging as a fairly common symptom. To find out how common, and what the hell is happening here, I called up Claire Hopkins, a professor of Rhinology at King's College London and a consultant ear, nose and throat surgeon. As president of the British Rhinological Society, Hopkins released a statement last month on the organization's behalf tracing the growing evidence that anosmia is a symptom of the disease at the center of this worldwide pandemic.

 

"We often see post-viral anosmia," Hopkins told me, explaining they usually see it in patients who have the common cold and, because their noses are blocked up and stuffy, have lost some of their smelling capabilities. "But early on in the pandemic, I saw four patients in a row who were all young and healthy, who had, really in the absence of any other symptoms, lost their sense of smell. At the same time, I'd been participating in doctors' forums online, and colleagues from Italy had noticed that, amongst the doctors on the frontline, there were high numbers who had lost their sense of smell, and they speculated that this may be a sign of otherwise asymptomatic infection."

 

"Amongst the doctors on the frontline, there were high numbers who had lost their sense of smell."

 

Around that point, Hopkins had a choice to make that became a question of medical ethics. On one hand, there was not much peer-reviewed evidence—the kind that scientists and doctors normally base their decisions on—of the link between COVID-19 and anosmia. In ordinary times, it would be unethical for the British Rhinological Society to make a statement on the possible connection.

 

But these were not ordinary times, and she began to worry that her colleagues in the field were at risk—particularly dangerous risk, because being an ear, nose, and throat doctor means getting up in people's faces, using tools that often cause patients to cough or sneeze—of contracting the virus from otherwise asymptomatic patients. (Regardless of what the governor of Georgia says, we have known for some time that asymptomatic spreaders pose a particular danger.) At the time, Hopkins was only using personal protective equipment (PPE) when seeing patients with respiratory distress, cough, or fever, and presumably so were most her colleagues in the field. Reports began to indicate there were high rates of COVID-19 infection in ENT doctors. Because part of her mandate is to look out for her colleagues' safety, she decided to go public using what she believed to be strong anecdotal evidence.

 

"I thought if we could include loss of sense of smell as one of the triggers to self-isolate," Hopkins says, "we might really reduce the risk of onward transmission."

Since then, researchers at Kings College London have developed an app, called the COVID-19 Symptom Tracker, for British citizens to document their Coronavirus Experience. It now has around 2 million users, Hopkins says, as Britons are encouraged to map their symptoms on a daily basis, even if they're feeling well. The goal is to learn more about the onset of the infection and "identify which symptoms occur at which stage of the disease." When Hopkins first put out the organization's statement, loss of smell was not included among the app's options. But she got in contact with the development team and convinced them to add it.

 

The app team released a statement this week announcing that sense of smell is "actually the strongest symptom to predict infection," according to Hopkins, including when compared to fever. They found 60 percent of patients who tested positive had lost their sense of smell, while in those that tested negative, only 18 percent had anosmia symptoms. This offers more specificity than a fever, which was commonly found in those who tested negatively. The takeaway, Hopkins says, was that "anyone with new onset loss of sense of smell should be self-isolating, and ideally tested." It's an early warning sign. Hopkins has developed a cohort of around 2,500 patients she's monitoring, and while the exact timeline of when anosmia occurs still isn't clear, she says around one-in-four lost their sense of smell before developing any other symptoms. Another one-in-four develop it around the same time as other symptoms, and for the other half, it comes after.

 

Iwas also interested in the mechanics here. Why does this happen—and in particular, why do I get the smell of synthetic death rather than nothing at all? Hopkins said the majority of patients report really severe loss. When they try to smell something, they get nada. A friend of mine told me this was his experience—he would try to smell coffee or candles and simply smell nothing. ("Onions," he said, "broke through the defenses.") But Hopkins says others have described "dysosmia"—when you go to smell something and it smells like something...else. Something unpleasant.

 

"We think there are problems with the receptors, so that pattern recognition is disrupted," Hopkins says. "But also, there are other nerves in the nose. For example, there's the trigeminal nerve, which detects noxious fumes, so it triggers a pain response. It also picks up thermal regulation. But it can pick up chemical smells. So when you smell menthol or cleaning fluids, it's actually stimulating the trigeminal nerve. When you take out our natural sense of smell, you still get some background stimulations through other pathways, that people often perceive as an unpleasant smell. So the loss of smell unmasks that background smell."

 

"The loss of smell unmasks that background smell."

 

Apparently, this all has to do with how the virus takes root towards the back of the nose. "What we know is it's actually sort of an injury to the olfactory nerve, and the olfactory system itself," Hopkins says. Unlike with smell loss due to the common cold, there's no physical blockage in most COVID-19 patients. The odor is getting back there, but the receptors are damaged. "Coronavirus in particular can damage the nerve and then travel along the olfactory nerve to the olfactory bulb, which is the more simple processing part, and of course damage that as well," Hopkins adds. "Now fortunately, the olfactory nerves have the ability to recover, which is why they're being used in research for spinal cord injury. So they can regenerate and your sense of smell can return."

 

That was a somewhat crucial question for me. Is it going to come back? So far I'd say there's been significant personal improvement, but there are still times when the synth-death comes creeping in. "There are certainly people who have persistent, severe anosmia after post-viral infections," Hopkins says. "We know you can get persistent loss. Coronaviruses are known to cause long-term loss. Obviously, it's too early to tell what proportion of patients with COVID-19 will have long-term loss, but if you look at studies with post-viral loss in general, at least two thirds will make a good recovery. But that means that as many as one in three may not fully get their sense of smell back. In our cohort, at least 60 percent of people were seeing improvement within two weeks, and I just sent out a follow-up again today to try and see people beyond that."

 

And then there's the loss-of-taste situation. For a while there, everything I was couch-eating was mostly relegated to a texture experience. I was always under the impression that taste and smell were inextricably linked, that the two senses draw on the same chemicals in food to transmit information to the brain. This isn't strictly true.

 

Coronavirus - Georg Christoph Lichtenberg with face mask

Mask life is upon us.

picture allianceGetty Images

"What we actually taste is sweet, sour, salt, bitter," Hopkins says, "and actually what we describe as 'taste' or 'flavor' actually all comes from sense of smell. So when we eat, we breathe out through our nose, we smell our food, we describe that flavor. So when you lose your sense of smell, food tastes very plain. People will report that they've lost their sense of taste," she adds, but that's something of an illusion.

 

Unless it's not. "Actually, we've had some patients describe finding it difficult to differentiate between salty, sour, bitter, and also getting a strange metallic taste. So it suggests [the infection] might be affecting taste in itself, and that certainly needs further investigation. What that suggests is that there may be some other central nervous system effects of the virus. We've also seen people describing change in hearing, and there are other effects, such as headache, drowsiness, severe central nervous system problems, suggesting that the virus can have wide effects within the nervous system."

 

Lovely. Apart from the time I tried to go for a run the week after my worst symptoms and it felt like I'd been repeatedly roundhouse-kicked in the chest, this is some of the more alarming feedback I've received on my case. Of course, this is all trivial compared to what many who are infected will experience. But as far as smell specifically, it does seem that for most people, it will come back. Hopkins says there's no need to seek medical attention if you lose your smell during the pandemic. Assume you've got COVID and self-isolate. If you want to feel like you're doing something about it, you can try "smell training," where you repeatedly smell something to stimulate the nerve and encourage recovery. But otherwise, there's no specific treatment. You're mostly at the mercy of the fascinatingly complex systems that make up our bodies and how they interact with the world outside—including the deadly pathogens that have the capability to upend our lives.


covid 19 symptoms

Posted by [email protected] on April 4, 2020 at 10:45 AM Comments comments (0)

People may be sick with the virus for 1 to 14 days before developing symptoms. The most common symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment.

Is 5G technology bad for our health?

Posted by [email protected] on April 4, 2020 at 10:40 AM Comments comments (0)

As 5G wireless technology is slowly making its way across the globe, many government agencies and organizations advise that there is no reason to be alarmed about the effects of radiofrequency waves on our health. But some experts strongly disagree.

 

Why do some people believe that 5G technology may harm our health?

The term 5G refers to the fifth generation of mobile technology. With promises of faster browsing, streaming, and download speeds, as well as better connectivity, 5G may seem like a natural evolution for our increasingly tech-reliant society.

 

But beyond allowing us to stream the latest movies, 5G has been designed to increase capacity and reduce latency, which is the time that it takes for devices to communicate with each other.

 

For integrated applications, such as robotics, self-driving cars, and medical devices, these changes will play a big part in how quickly we adopt technology into our everyday lives.

 

The mainstay of 5G technology will be the use of higher-frequency bandwidths, right across the radiofrequency spectrum.

 

In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission has auctioned off the first bandwidth — 28 gigahertz (GHz) — that will form the 5G network, with higher bandwidth auctions scheduled for later this year.

 

But what does 5G have to do with our health?

 

In this Spotlight, we look at what electromagnetic radiation is, how it can impact our health, the controversy surrounding radiofrequency networks, and what this means for the advent of 5G technology.

 

What is electromagnetic radiation?

An electromagnetic field (EMF) is a field of energy that results from electromagnetic radiation, a form of energy that occurs as a result of the flow of electricity.

 

Electric fields exist wherever there are power lines or outlets, whether the electricity is switched on or not. Magnetic fields are created only when electric currents flow. Together, these produce EMFs.

 

Electromagnetic radiation exists as a spectrum of different wavelengths and frequencies, which are measured in hertz (Hz). This term denotes the number of cycles per second.

 

Power lines operate between 50 and 60 Hz, which is at the lower end of the spectrum. These low-frequency waves, together with radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, and some of the ultraviolet spectrum — which take us into the megahertz (MHz), GHz, and terahertz spectra — make up what is known as nonionizing radiation.

 

Above this lie the petahertz and exahertz spectra, which include X-rays and gamma rays. These are types of ionizing radiation, which mean that they carry sufficient energy to break apart molecules and cause significant damage to the human body.

 

Radiofrequency EMFs (RF-EMFs) include all wavelengths from 30 kilohertz to 300 GHz.

 

For the general public, exposure to RF-EMFs is mostly from handheld devices, such as cell phones and tablets, as well as from cell phone base stations, medical applications, and TV antennas.

 

The most well-established biological effect of RF-EMFs is heating. High doses of RF-EMFs can lead to a rise in the temperature of the exposed tissues, leading to burns and other damage.

 

But mobile devices emit RF-EMFs at low levels. Whether this is a cause for concern is a matter of ongoing debate, reignited by the arrival of 5G.

 

Radiofrequency waves ‘possibly carcinogenic to humans’

In 2011, 30 international scientists, who are part of the working group of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), met to assess the risk of developing cancer as a result of exposure to RF-EMFs.

 

The working group published a summary of their findings in The Lancet Oncology.

 

The scientists looked at one cohort study and five case-control studies in humans, each of which was designed to investigate whether there is a link between cell phone use and glioma, a cancer of the central nervous system.

 

The team concluded that, based on studies of the highest quality, “A causal interpretation between mobile phone RF-EMF exposure and glioma is possible.” Smaller studies supported a similar conclusion for acoustic neuroma, but the evidence was not convincing for other types of cancer.

 

The team also looked at over 40 studies that had used rats and mice.

 

In view of the limited evidence in humans and experimental animals, the working group classified RF-EMFs as “possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).” “This evaluation was supported by a large majority of working group members,” they write in the paper.

 

For comparison, Group 2B also contains aloe vera whole leaf extract, gasoline engine exhaust fumes, and pickled vegetables, as well as drugs like progesterone-only contraceptives, oxazepam, and sulfasalazine.

 

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WHO says ‘no adverse health effects’

Despite the classification of RF-EMFs as possibly carcinogenic to humans, other organizations have not come to the same conclusion.

 

The IARC is part of the World Health Organization (WHO). Yet, the WHO is undertaking a separate “health risk assessment of [RF-EMFs], to be published as a monograph in the Environmental Health Criteria series.”

 

The International EMF Project, established in 1996, is in charge of this assessment.

 

According to the International EMF Project brochure:

 

“The project is overseen by an advisory committee consisting of representatives of eight international organizations, eight independent scientific institutions, and more than 50 national governments, providing a global perspective. The scientific work is conducted in collaboration with the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). All activities are coordinated and facilitated by the WHO Secretariat.”

 

The results of the project have not been published yet.

 

At present, the WHO state that “To date, no adverse health effects from low level, long term exposure to radiofrequency or power frequency fields have been confirmed, but scientists are actively continuing to research this area.”

 

In the U.S., the Federal Communications Commission state that “At relatively low levels of exposure to RF radiation — i.e., levels lower than those that would produce significant heating — the evidence for production of harmful biological effects is ambiguous and unproven.”

 

What is the controversy?

Dr. Lennart Hardell, from the department of oncology at Örebro University, in Sweden, is an outspoken critic of the WHO’s decision not to adopt the IARC’s classification of RF-EMFs as possibly carcinogenic.

 

In a 2017 article in the International Journal of Oncology, he explains that several members of the EMF project’s core group are also affiliated with the ICNIRP, an organization he describes as “an industry-loyal NGO.”

 

“Being a member of ICNIRP is a conflict of interest in the scientific evaluation of health hazards from RF radiation through ties to military and industry,” Dr. Hadrell writes. “This is particularly true, since the ICNIRP guidelines are of huge importance to the influential telecommunications, military, and power industries.”

 

The BioInitiative report, issued by 29 medical and scientific experts — of which Dr. Hardell is one — states that “Bioeffects are clearly established and occur at very low levels of exposure to [EMFs] and radiofrequency radiation.”

 

The report, part of which was updated earlier this year, highlights links to DNA damage, oxidative stress, neurotoxicity, carcinogenicity, sperm morphology, and fetal, newborn, and early life development. They also propose a link between RF-EMF exposure and a higher risk of developing autism spectrum disorder.

 

The group urges governments and health agencies to establish new safety limits to protect the public.

 

What do the latest studies say about cancer risk?

Writing in the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Dr. Agostino Di Ciaula from the division of internal medicine at the Hospital of Bisceglie, in Italy, reviewed the latest studies on the effect of RF-EMFs in humans, animals, and microbes.

 

In his article, he writes, “Evidences about the biological properties of RF-EMF are progressively accumulating and, although they are in some case still preliminary or controversial, clearly point to the existence of multilevel interactions between high-frequency EMF and biological systems and to the possibility of oncologic and non-oncologic (mainly reproductive, metabolic, neurologic, microbiologic) effects.”

 

“Biological effects have also been recorded at exposure levels below the regulatory limits, leading to growing doubts about the real safety of the currently employed ICNIRP standards,” he continues.

 

“Further experimental and epidemiologic studies are urgently needed in order to better and fully explore the health effects caused in humans by the exposure to generic or specific […] RF-EMF frequencies in different age groups and with increasing exposure density.”

 

Dr. Agostino Di Ciaula

 

The ICNIRP have published their take on two of the most recent studies that have investigated whether RF-EMFs can cause cancer in rats and mice.

 

A National Toxicology Program study by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services looked at high exposure levels at 900 MHz. The team found “clear evidence of tumors in the hearts of male rats,” “some evidence of tumors in the brains of male rats,” and “some evidence of tumors in the adrenal glands of male rats.”

 

The second study, published in the journal Environmental Research by a group of researchers from the Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center, at the Ramazzini Institute, in Bologna, Italy, found an increase in tumors in the heart in rats exposed to an RF-EMF equivalent of a 1.8-GHz base station.

 

“Overall, based on the considerations outlined below, ICNIRP concludes that these studies do not provide a reliable basis for revising the existing radiofrequency exposure guidelines,” the ICNIRP write.

 

Moving from 4G to 5G

Will 5G expose us to more radiation?

The arrival of the 5G network promises to improve connectivity. What that means, in reality, is wider coverage and more bandwidth to allow our multitude of data to travel from A to B.

 

To build out networks at the higher end of the RF-EMF spectrum, new base stations, or small cells, will appear around the globe.

 

The reason behind this is that high-frequency radio waves have a shorter range than lower-frequency waves. Small cells that will allow data to travel relatively short distances will form a key part of the 5G network, particularly in areas of dense network usage.

 

But while our lives may be transformed by faster browsing, integrated e-health applications, driverless cars, and real-life connectivity across the “internet of things,” will this make a significant impact on the amounts of RF-EMFs that we are exposed to?

 

The short answer is, no one really knows, yet. Writing in Frontiers in Public Health earlier this month, a group of international scientists, including Dr. Hardell, comment on the potential risks of 5G technology.

 

“Higher frequency (shorter wavelength) radiation associated with 5G does not penetrate the body as deeply as frequencies from older technologies, although its effects may be systemic,” they explain.

 

“The range and magnitude of potential impacts of 5G technologies are under-researched, although important biological outcomes have been reported with millimeter-wavelength exposure. These include oxidative stress and altered gene expression, effects on skin, and systemic effects, such as on immune function,” the authors continue.

 

The teams makes several recommendations, which include more rigorous testing and collecting data to identify links between RF-EMF exposure and health outcomes, sharing health risk information with users, and limiting exposure in under-16s. The last point on their list states the following:

 

“Cell towers should be distanced from homes, daycare centers, schools, and places frequented by pregnant women, men who wish to father healthy children, and the young.”

 

The bottom line

There is certainly evidence that ties RF-EMF exposure to a small increase in the risk of developing certain cancers and other adverse health outcomes.

 

But the jury is still out on how serious a threat RF-EMFs in general — and 5G bandwidths in particular — pose to our health.

 

For those of us who live in densely populated areas, there is no escape from the myriad radio waves zipping through the air all around us.

 

To reduce our exposure to RF-EMFs, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) suggest cutting down how much time we spend on our cell phones, as well as using speaker mode or a hands-free kit to create more distance between our devices and our heads.

 

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommend limiting the time that kids and teenagers spend on mobile devices.

 

Long-term studies that investigate the effects of exposure to digital networks are ongoing. One of these is the COSMOS study, which started in 2007 with the aim of following at least 290,000 people across six European countries for 20–30 years to assess their cell phone usage and health outcomes.

 

Only time will tell what the results of this and other studies show.

 

Men's HealthPublic HealthCancer / OncologyPediatrics / Children's Health

Written by Rauf 

 

a Former CIA Contractor Threatened to 'Choke' Barack Obama

Posted by [email protected] on September 9, 2018 at 8:35 PM Comments comments (0)
A former CIA contractor threatened former President Barack Obama during a television interview with Fox News on Sunday. Kris Paronto, who worked for the intelligence agency during the 2012 Benghazi attacks that left U.S. Ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens dead, was speaking to host Pete Hegseth about recent remarks by Obama suggesting that the Republican investigation into the incident was politically motivated. "It's disgusting. It just raises the bile inside of me. I had a hard time just watching the speeches," Paronto told Hegseth, Raw Story reported. "I just wanted to see what he had to say. And when that came across, I just wanted to reach through the screen and just grab him �?? grab him and choke him." "Honestly, the man is a disgrace, just a complete disgrace," he said of the former president. "It's completely offensive and I wish I had that man sitting in front of me right now without his Secret Service," the former CIA contractor added, smacking his hands together in a threatening gesture. Hegseth then cautioned Paronto against threatening a previous head of state. But the former contractor pushed back, saying: "It doesn't get yourself away from saying comments when my friends died in front of me." Donald Trump has frequently referred to the Benghazi attacks as a cover up by the Obama administration, especially during his presidential campaign. He used this as a line of attack against his political opponent Hillary Clinton, who served as Secretary of State when the incident occured. However, ten investigations, six of which were led by Republican-controlled House committees, failed to find any wrongdoing by Clinton or other senior Obama officials. During the 2016 presidential campaign, Stevens's own sister Dr. Anne Stevens, who served as the family's official spokesperson in the wake of the attack, said it was "inappropriate" to make Benghazi an election issue. She also stated plainly that the family does not blame Clinton or other Obama officials for her brother's death. I do not blame Hillary Clinton or (former Secretary of Defense) Leon Panetta," she told the New Yorker in June 2016. "They were balancing security efforts at embassies and missions around the world. And their staffs were doing their best to provide what they could with the resources they had. The Benghazi Mission was understaffed," she pointed out. "We know that now. But, again, Chris knew that. It wasn't a secret to him. He decided to take the risk to go there. It is not something they did to him. It is something he took on himself."

in New York City

Posted by [email protected] on January 4, 2018 at 12:40 AM Comments comments (0)

A 3-year-old boy's screams alerted his mother that a fire had erupted in their first-floor apartment in the Bronx on Thursday night. The boy had been playing with the burners on the kitchen stove, New York fire officials said Friday.

 

When the mother fled the burning apartment with the boy and his 2-year-old sibling, she made a fatal mistake -- she left the apartment door open.

The tragic result was the deaths of at least 12 people, including at least four children, the New York Police Department said.

It was the deadliest fire in New York City in more than 25 years.

The apartment's stairway acted "like a chimney" as the fire burst from the apartment, feeding the flames and allowing them to spread throughout the building, FDNY Commissioner Daniel Nigro said Friday.

The boy in the first-floor apartment had a history of playing with the stove burners, Nigro said. The fire commissioner reminded all New Yorkers of his department's frequent messages emphasizing the crucial step residents must take in the event of a fire.

"Close the door, close the door, close the door," Nigro said.

The fire commissioner said he's unsure whether all the smoke detectors were working in the building.

Records from a city housing agency show one of the apartments on the building's first floor reported defective carbon monoxide and smoke detectors months ago. It's unclear whether those issues were resolved.

Still, Nigro said there was nothing structural about the building that contributed to the fire. The building had a "relatively low history of repair violations," a spokesperson for New York City Housing Preservation and Development said.

Seven civilians and seven firefighters were injured in the fire, according to the fire department. Four civilians were still being treated at hospitals Friday afternoon, with injuries ranging from serious to critical.

The charred interior and burned-out windows of the building are seen Friday morning.

The charred interior and burned-out windows of the building are seen Friday morning.

Grandmother, baby granddaughter among the dead

Maria Batiz, who New York police said was 58, and her 8-month-old granddaughter were killed in the blaze, her brother Fernando Batiz told CNN.

"I'm just numb," he said.

The baby's mother was not home at the time of the fire because she was working, Batiz said.

Late Friday, NYPD revealed the identities of several others killed in fire: Shantay Young, 19; Karen Francis, 37; Kylie Francis, 2; and Charmela Francis, 7.

Among those who also died in the fire were a 63-year-old woman, four unidentified adult men and an unidentified male child, the NYPD said.

Kwabena Mensah told CNN he believes his 28-year-old son Emmanuel Mensah, a soldier, is among the dead, though there has been no confirmation from police.

"I heard that he was trying to help people out," the father said. "He brought people outside. He came, went back again, and I think on the third time he couldn't find his way out."

Emmanuel, who is stationed in Virginia, was home for Christmas, Mensah said. It was his son's first trip since he enlisted a year ago.

"He wants to help people out," Mensah said of his son. "But like I said, God is in control."

Lights from fire engines reflected on Christmas decorations that still hang around the neighborhood. An American flag floated in the frigid air at a school across the street from the building.

The fire spread quickly, Nigro said earlier. The victims died on various floors of the apartment building.

The first call about the fire came at 6:51 p.m. ET Thursday, and the fire department responded within three minutes, Nigro said.

Radio traffic from fire officials responding to the blaze paint a desperate scene.

"Bunch of calls on this one, chief," one official said as units rushed to the Bronx.

"Baby trapped ... apartment 13 is on the third floor -- that's where the baby is."

Seconds later, the radio blared, "We've got people on the fire escape."

Firefighters respond to a building fire Thursday, December 28, in the Bronx borough of New York.

Firefighters respond to a building fire Thursday, December 28, in the Bronx borough of New York.

Witnesses also shared harrowing accounts of residents scrambling onto fire escapes to get away from the growing flames.

"People were on the fire escape trying to get down on their own," Kimberly Wilkins told CNN affiliate WCBS. "People were screaming."

Rafael Gonzalez, another witness, said, "All I saw was just kids in the fire escape ... and the flames were still going."

People evacuated their homes after the fatal major fire on Prospect Avenue in the Bronx.

People evacuated their homes after the fatal major fire on Prospect Avenue in the Bronx.

Shocked residents and family members stood outside the building in frigid temperatures, waiting for news. A local school was opened to shelter those who were displaced by the fire.

Video from the scene showed one man dressed in shorts trying to help firefighters maneuver a victim on a stretcher away from the building.

A woman, who declined to share her full name with CNN affiliate WPIX, stood anxiously on the street as firefighters wheeled victims out. She said the last text she had gotten from her mother, who lives in the building, was that she was trapped in her third floor apartment.

The walk-up building contained 29 units, according to public property records. At least 12 people were rescued and are expected to survive, the mayor said Thursday night. By the time officials held a news conference around 10 p.m. ET, the fire had been put out and the building was being searched.

'I'm relieved I'm alive'

A number of residents gathered Friday morning at the Bronx Zoo Deli, a nearby corner bodega, for coffee, to chat with neighbors and to get a glimpse of the destruction. Ice covered parts of sidewalks near fire hydrants on this frigid morning.

Activity from police and fire department officers cut through what otherwise was a generally quiet residential neighborhood that sits a short distance from the Bronx Zoo, St. Barnabas Hospital and Fordham University.

Joel Rodriguez, 40, was one of the building's residents who made it out alive, and he returned to see whether he could get any of his things Friday morning. He has lived on the first floor of the building for five years, and he said he heard a fire alarm go off on Thursday evening.

"I opened the door and it was pitch black," Rodriguez said.

Adrenaline flowing, he closed the door, went to the window and yanked out the heavy air conditioning unit, "which was amazing because when I was putting it in I was struggling. And it felt like two pounds when I took it out."

He then helped his wife, their friend, and service dog escape through the window. His wife was taken to the hospital for smoke inhalation and was OK, Rodriguez said, but it was "devastating" that other neighbors weren't as lucky.

"I'm relieved I'm alive, but at the same time, it's like, where do I go?"

Fire Department of New York personnel work at the scene of an apartment fire in the Bronx borough of New York City on December 29, 2017.

Fire Department of New York personnel work at the scene of an apartment fire in the Bronx borough of New York City on December 29, 2017.

For now, he plans to go to the Red Cross for some temporary assistance. He couldn't bear to live at his apartment anymore, he said.

"Right now, it's a memorial," he said. "For me, that's like a sanctuary or a memorial."

Rajkumar Ramdhani, who lived with his wife on the second floor of the building, said two grandchildren were visiting from Virginia when the fire broke out.

His granddaughter noticed smoke coming through the door, so they escaped out of the window. The granddaughter was "terrified," he said, and they stayed at a friend's house Thursday night.

Dominic, a neighbor who declined to give his last name, lives across the street and witnessed the building rapidly go up in flames.

"It just went up like a stick (or) like a match," he said.

One of his friends who lived in the building was taken away on a stretcher from the smoke, Dominic said, and he hadn't been able to contact him since.

"I hope he made it. But the way they were rushing him -- I don't know," he said.

The Red Cross and fire department set up a tent with fire education pamphlets next to the corner bodega Friday. The communications officer for the Red Cross, Michael de Vulpillieres, said they gave out blankets, temporary housing, food, drinks and mental health care to residents who needed it amid the "emotional" time.

"Disasters are traumatic even when there's not a loss of life. But when you have this number of people pass as a result of a disaster like this, it's heartbreaking," de Vulpillieres said.

Deadliest New York City fire since 1990

Firefighters leave after putting out the fire.

Firefighters leave after putting out the fire.

Thursday night's apartment fire in the Bronx is the deadliest in New York City since 1990, when 87 people died in a blaze at the Happy Land social club.

In 2007, 10 people -- nine of them children -- were killed in a fire at a Bronx residence after a space heater cord overheated.

Firefighters operate at scene of the blaze.

Firefighters operate at scene of the blaze.

Friday morning, de Blasio said the search for answers is ongoing.

"This is a terrible tragedy in the middle of the holidays. When people are trying to be with their families and have a moment of peace, finally, and having something like this happen to people in the Bronx is just horrible," the mayor told CNN on Friday.

In addition to the reports of one apartment's faulty smoke and carbon monoxide detectors, the city received four complaints about the building since 2004. None of those complaints appears to be fire-related. The latest complaint entered Thursday was from the FDNY requesting a structural stability inspection after the deadly five-alarm fire.


https://www.craigslist.org/about/sites#US

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craigslist

https://www.wish.com/

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shoping Need 

https://www.prudentialbank.com.gh/index.cfm

Posted by [email protected] on March 9, 2016 at 10:30 AM Comments comments (0)

 

you are here: About Us

 

 

A Brief History of Prudential Bank Limited

Prudential Bank Limited (PBL) was incorporated as a private limited liability company in 1993 under the Companies Code Act 179. The Bank opened its doors for business on 15th August, 1996 with its first Branch in Accra. As at the end of December 2015, the Bank had 34 Branches and 2 Agencies located in the Accra/Tema metropolis, Kumasi, Techiman, Takoradi, Cape Coast and Tamale.

The Bank has three wholly owned subsidiary companies namely: PBL Properties Limited, Prudential Securities Limited and Prudential Stockbrokers Limited.

PBL Properties Limited was established to acquire and develop banking premises for the Bank and also manage the auxilliary staff of the Bank.

Prudential Securities Limited is engaged in Funds management, Corporate Finance and Business Advisory Services.

Prudential Stockbrokers Limited is engaged in Stockbrokages, Equity and Economic Research and Advisory Services.

The Bank's Shareholders are:

Messrs J.S. Addo Consultants Ltd

PBL Staff Provident Fund

Ghana Union Assurance Company Ltd. (GUA)

The Social Security & National Insurance Trust (SSNIT)

National Trust Holding Company Ltd. (NTHC)

Seven individual Ghanaians

REGISTERED OFFICE

Prudential Bank Limited

8 Nima Avenue

Ring Road Central

Private Mail Bag

General Post Office

Accra, Ghana.

 

 

TELEPHONE NUMBERS:(00233-302) 781200 - 7

FAX: (00233-302) 781210

E-MAIL:[email protected]

Website: www.prudentialbank.com.gh


Ebola Fact Sheet for Travelers

Posted by [email protected] on November 29, 2014 at 2:50 PM Comments comments (0)

U.S. citizens should take note of the information on the Ebola Virus Disease and the new screening process provided below.The Department of Homeland Security requires that all persons traveling to the United States from the West African countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Mali must enter the U.S. through New York's Kennedy, Newark’s Liberty, Washington's Dulles, Chicago's O'Hare, and Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson airports and undergo EVD screening.

Passengers traveling from Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Mali who were not originally passing through one of these airports must rebook their flights to make entry through one of the listed airports.

Due to an outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the west African nations of Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone, the Centers for Disease Control has issued Health Travel Warnings for those three countries advising against nonessential travel and has provided guidance to reduce the potential for spread of EVD. Please note that a CDC Level 2 Travel Alert has been issued for Mali. The Department of State has issued Travel Warnings for Liberia and Sierra Leone.

The CDC has provided interim guidance to public health authorities, airlines, and other partners for evaluating risk of exposure of persons coming from countries affected by Ebola. Please note that neither the Bureau of Consular Affairs nor the Embassy deals with quarantine issues and cannot prevent a U.S. citizen from being quarantined should local health authorities require it. For questions about quarantine, please visit the CDC website that addresses quarantine and isolation issues.

The Department of State has also issued a Travel Alert for parts of West Africa because of EVD. Click here to read the Alert.

For additional information about how the Ebola Virus is impacting travel to affected countries, please view our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section below.

Frequently Asked Questions About Travel and Ebola Expand All Where can I find more information about Ebola? How is the Ebola outbreak impacting travel to affected countries? Where can I find the Travel Notices?

http://travel.state.gov/content/passports/english/go/Ebola.html

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is something that matters to all of us, and President Obama is asking you, as leaders in your communities, to share the facts about Ebola and help stop the spread of this disease.

Posted by [email protected] on September 16, 2014 at 7:45 AM Comments comments (0)

In response to the concerns voiced by the YALI Network, experts from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, were invited to participate in a Facebook #YALICHAT to help verify the facts and dispel the rumors about Ebola. More than 100 questions and comments came in from across Africa. Here is a summary of the chat.

 

Joel N. expressed his concerns about the dangers of Ebola and asked how the United States is assisting African nations in battling the infection.

 

CDC: More than 60 CDC staff are deployed in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone to assist with the outbreak response efforts. CDC staff are helping with surveillance, contact tracing, database management, and health education. And back at our headquarters in the U.S., about 500 additional CDC staff are providing assistance. CDC and the U.S. government will continue to take active steps to respond to the rapidly changing situation in West Africa.

 

Alhadhuir N. in the island nation of Comoros asked the CDC experts, how can a person avoid this sickness?

 

CDC: To help protect yourself from Ebola, you should do the following: 1) Practice good hygiene. 2) Avoid contact with body fluids: blood, feces, saliva, urine, vomit, and semen 3) Avoid burial rituals that require handling the body of a person who died from Ebola. 4) Avoid contact with nonhuman primates and bats, as well as body fluids and raw meat from these animals.

 

Ebola is also spread through direct contact with objects that have been contaminated with the virus. Ebola is not spread through the air or by water. In general, it is not spread through food.

 

Anyone who is sick with Ebola can spread the virus, and will present these symptoms: fever greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F; additional symptoms, such as severe headache, muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, or unexplained hemorrhage are also common.Jackson B. in the Democratic Republic of Congo asked what can be done to prevent the disease in areas where many people are already sick?

 

CDC: The most effective way to stop the current Ebola outbreak is to find Ebola patients, isolate and care for them, and trace their contacts. Also, people need to be educated about safe burial practices, and we must make sure that healthcare workers strictly follow infection control procedures in hospitals. This is how all previous Ebola outbreaks have been stopped.

 

CDC advises that people monitor their health for 21 days if they were in an area with an Ebola outbreak.

 

Claudio V. wrote from Mozambique: does it have cure?

 

CDC: Thank you for this important question, Claudio. There is no vaccine or medicine (e.g., antiviral drug) that has been proven effective against Ebola. But there are many candidates in development. Three companies that have Ebola treatments in development are Mapp Biopharmaceutical Inc. (ZMapp), Tekmira, and Biocryst Pharmaceuticals. In addition, a company called Newlink is working on a possible vaccine.

 

‪[Editor’s Note: Two U.S. missionaries who contracted the virus in Africa were flown home for treatment and were apparently cured of the disease with ZMapp treatment.]

 

Takawira D. in Zimbabwe had a follow up question about ZMapp: How long are we going to wait before the experimental drug that healed the two Americans is made available to Africans?

 

CDC: ZMapp is still in an experimental stage, so the manufacturer reports that there is a very limited supply and that they don’t yet have the capacity to manufacture large quantities of this treatment. So it cannot be purchased and is not available for general use.

 

The two American aid workers sick with Ebola received ZMapp because it was privately arranged by Samaritan’s Purse, the private humanitarian organization that employed one of these two aid workers. The U.S. government did not procure, transport, approve, or administer the ZMapp treatment.

 

So far there is no vaccine or medicine that has been proven to be effective against Ebola. But there are many candidates in development. Three companies that have Ebola treatments in development are Mapp Biopharmaceutical Inc. (ZMapp), Tekmira, and Biocryst Pharmaceuticals. In addition, a company called Newlink is working on a possible vaccine.

 

[Editor’s Note: By U.S. law, a pharmaceutical company must conduct a complex series of trials, field tests and data analysis before a federal agency approves the drug for the marketplace. The manufacturer has not yet completed that process with ZMAPP. 

 


Do I qualify for Travel Visas Canada

Posted by [email protected] on January 31, 2014 at 2:00 PM Comments comments (0)

Visas to Canada > Travel Visa > Tourist VisaShare 

Tourist Visa Canada

 

Canada has much to offer visitors. It borders on three oceans, has towering mountains, countless lakes and a friendly cosmopolitan culture. Under the Tourist Visitor visa, foreigners can come and visit Canada for a short duration of time. This visa allows applicants to come and visit Canada along with their dependent children. Applicants must intend to come to Canada to visit and refrain from engaging in work or study and respect the terms of their entry to Canada. Join more than 5 million people who visit Canada each year and explore the many touristic opportunities this great country has to offer.

 

Although this visa does not entitle applicants to work in Canada, it does offer them the chance to experience Canada's diverse geographic and cultural landscape for themselves.

 

Assessment

 

Tourist Visa Basic Requirements

 

Applicants from designated countries are required to obtain Temporary Resident visa (TRV) prior to their arrival to Canada. Applicants not from a visa-exempt country seeking to visit Canada for tourism can apply for a Tourist visa.

 

Currently, nationals from the following designated countries do not require a Visitor visa to visit Canada:

 

Currently, nationals from the following designated countries do not require a Tourist visa to visit Canada:

 

Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Hong Kong (British National or Special Administrative Region passport holders), Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel (National Passport holders only), Italy, Japan, Korea (Republic of), Latvia (Republic of), Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Poland, Portugal, St. Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sweden, Slovenia, Switzerland, Taiwan, the United Kingdom (including British Overseas citizens who are re-admissible and citizens of some British Dependant Territories), the United States (includes permanent residents), and Western Samoa.

 

Other conditions for eligibility also apply. All visitors must possess a valid passport, have sufficient funds for the duration of their intended stay, respect the terms of their entry to Canada, and ensure that they are criminally and medically admissible to enter Canada. Some visitors may be required to undergo a medical examination. Finally, having a letter of invitation from a Canadian friend or relative can be useful.

 

Assessment

 

Tourist Visa Entitlements

 

As a visitor, tourists are free to travel anywhere throughout Canada and visit family, friends and experience Canada's many attractions. They may also register for short courses relating to courses of areas of general interest and self-improvement or to learn English or French. During their stay, visitors can meet with prospective employers or recruiters and seek out exciting employment opportunities, explore world-class schools and educational institutions to pursue further studies, and investigate options for extending their stay in Canada.

 

Visitors can also take advantage of the many world-renowned festivals, cultural and artistic events which take place throughout the year, as well as explore the majestic landscapes and many natural wonders which find a home in Canada, making it truly unique.

How can i become a millionaire overnight

Posted by [email protected] on January 2, 2014 at 9:45 AM Comments comments (0)

How can you become a millionaire overnight?

and what is the fastest way to become a millionaire?

 

At the time of writing this post I am a 20 something years old self made millionaire. Being one of those who have done it fast i can surely tell you how to become a millionaire overnight. (see my book How i did it)

 

The answer to this question is very simple

You can never become a millionaire overnight. I hate to deliver bad news but the first thing you must do in order to become a millionaire is to develop the millionaire mentality and believing that its possible to become a millionaire overnight is a way of thinking that is very far from this millionaire mentality.

 

Why you can't become a millionaire overnight

If you want to become a millionaire then certainly you would want to follow a solid plan that will work. Becoming a millionaire overnight cant happen except by depending on a coincidence like for example attempting to win the lottery. After all you don't want to base your financial future and dreams on coincidences right?

 

The only sure way to become a millionaire is to do it slowly but surely. By the way slowly here doesn't mean in 10 years or even 5. If you were dedicated and worked hard enough you might be able to become a millionaire in 2 or 3 years.

 

The first thing you must do in order to really become a millionaire is to forget about irrational idea of wanting it to happen overnight.

 

So how can you become a millionaire (not overnight)

Self made millionaires have the millionaire mentality: You would never become a millionaire before you can think like one. Once you acquire the same mindset of millionaires becoming one would be a matter of time. Yes it wont happen overnight but in the end it will happen

Self made millionaires believe in themselves: Because you can't become a millionaire overnight you must have a strong belief in yourself in order to keep moving towards your goal until you achieve it. Life is full of obstacles and unless you believe in yourself the first few obstacles will stop you

Self made millionaires aren't helpless: A helpless person is a one who claims that he can't do a certain thing because he lacks a certain skill while a non helpless person is the one who learns a missing skill whenever he finds that he needs it along the way. If you want to become a millionaire then you must learn how to deal with helplessness.

Self made millionaires are patient: Self made millionaires are patient and they understand that they can't become millionaires overnight. Because they don't think that way they don't depend on chances and always find a good long term plan they can follow to reach their financial goals

Becoming a millionaire is possible provided that you give up irrational ideas such as doing it overnight.

 

I didn't only study psychology for 10 years but i also completed my MBA and became a dot com millionaire, The information you just read can dramatically increase your chance of increasing your wealth and of becoming reach. The book How I did it was written by Me and it explains how I managed to make a website that generates thousands of dollars/month in less than 2 years without paying a penny and that made me yet another dot com millionaire :)


Undersea cable cut to slow down internet for India, Pakistan, Egypt and other countries for upto 30 days

Posted by [email protected] on March 31, 2013 at 5:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Users in many countries are experiencing extremely slow internet connection since past few days, thanks to an major undersea sub-continental cable cut. The most affected countries include India, Pakistan and Egypt where internet connectivity to content hosted in Europe and US is almost unaccessible due to slow speeds. Egyptian navy has arrested three divers sabotaging the SEA-ME-WE 4 undersea cable - one of the major data traffic route connecting Asia and Europe with 14 countries, running from France to Malaysia and linking Italy, north Africa, the middle east and the south Asia. The damage to this major data pipe with reportedly two others have cause severe internet speed degradation for users in India, especially for customers of BSNL, MTNL, Bharti Airtel and Tata Communications and are supposed to be disrupted for the next 20-30 days. While the extent of full damage and situation is still being assessed, Rajesh Chharia, president at Association of Internet Service Providers of India explained : "Currently, internet and data usage are low because of the festive season. India will feel the impact from Monday when offices and businesses come back. Telcos have diverted all traffic from the Atlantic route to the Pacific, but our connectivity to the latter route is not sufficient to cater to all of India's traffic.

WHO TO HAVE FUN WITH

Posted by [email protected] on March 25, 2013 at 10:30 PM Comments comments (0)

Half the fun of being single is being able to play the field and getting to know various types of guys before finding your perfect match. If you're still on the hunt for Mr. Right, before you find him, we've listed five guys you should make a play for before you put your single girl days behind you.

THE MUSICIAN

If you've ever seen Kate Hudson's star turn in Almost Famous, you can understand the appeal of catching the eye of a musician (not to mention her real-life attraction to rockers). Whether it's the drummer in a band you just saw play live or the cute guy strumming an acoustic guitar at your local open mic night, having a rock star (or wannabe rock star) boyfriend will definitely shake up your love life. You'll be out all night and asleep all day, meet interesting people and get your fill of live music. The novelty will wear off eventually but being "with the band" – at least for a while – is a worthwhile dating experience.

 

THE YOUNGER GUY

Despite not usually being long-term relationship potential, the younger guy can be fun to date in the short term. If you've been so focused on your career lately that your social life seems to have evaporated, or if you've just come out of a serious relationship that went south, dating a younger guy can give you a new lease on life. He's enthusiastic, eager to please and he likes to have a good time – meaning having him around will be good for your ego and your libido! You may get annoyed with his immaturity as time goes on, but as long as you're enjoying yourself, we say go for it.

 

THE OLDER GUY

There's just something mysterious and sexy about dating an older guy. You might be cringing at Scarlett Johansson's recent romance with the much-older Sean Penn, but your age gap doesn't need to be quite so large. Even someone 10 or 12 years your senior will have that much more life experience to share. Older guys are usually pretty excited to have a younger woman on their arm (and in their bed), so you'll be treated like a princess. Plus older single guys usually have good jobs, nice apartments and a fairly high level of taste so you know that date will be more than ordering pizza and renting a movie.

 

THE RICH GUY

Every woman deserves a little pampering and dating a guy with a fat bank account has its perks. He will live in a great neighborhood and his apartment will be full of all the things you only wish you could afford to buy. After a few months, you'll realize he's never home and works ridiculous hours making all that fabulous money, but at the beginning he'll treat you to lavish meals at expensive restaurants, weekends away and little gifts you'd never be able to buy for yourself.

 

Want a modern day sugar daddy? >>

 

THE ODD GUY OUT

It's important to experience what it's like to date someone you would never normally go for. The quirky guy, the nerd, the shy intellectual – whomever you set your sights on, hooking up with a guy that goes against what you usually find attractive is an interesting dating rite of passage. Maybe it's just a fling or maybe you're with him for a few months, but the point is to step outside your comfort zone – if only for a little while.

 

3 more reasons to date against-type >>

 

MORE ABOUT GUYS

Understanding the dude

 

SheKnows.com tells you a few secrets your man never will! Also, we hit the streets to find out what you've always wondered.

Why women are central to U.S. foreign policy.

Posted by [email protected] on March 17, 2013 at 5:55 AM Comments comments (0)

During my first week as the United States’ Secretary of State, I had the honor of meeting with a group of courageous women from Burma. Two were former political prisoners, and although they had all endured incredible hardship in their lives, each of them was committed to moving forward - providing education and training to girls, finding jobs for the unemployed and advocating for greater participation in civil society. I have no doubt that they will continue to be powerful agents of change, bringing progress to their communities and their country in the years to come.

 

It’s opportunities like this that remind us why it is so vital that the United States continues to work with governments, organizations and individuals around the world to protect and advance the rights of women and girls. After all, just like in our own country, the world's most pressing economic, social and political problems simply cannot be solved without the full participation of women.

 

According to the World Economic Forum, countries where men and women are closer to enjoying equal rights are far more economically competitive than those where the gender gap has left women and girls with limited or no access to medical care, education, elected office, and the marketplace. Similarly, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that if women farmers had the same access to seeds, fertilizer, and technology as men do, they could reduce the number of undernourished people in the world by 100 million to 150 million.

 

Yet in too many societies and too many homes, women and girls are still undervalued, denied opportunities to go to school, and forced to marry as children. Too many lives have been lost or altered forever by gender-based violence. As the father of two daughters, I cannot imagine the pain suffered by the parents of the young woman known as “Nirbhaya,” the 23-year old medical student murdered on a New Delhi bus simply for being a woman, or the anguish felt by the parents of Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani girl shot by extremists as she too rode on a bus, simply for wanting to go to school. But I am inspired by Malala’s undaunted commitment to her cause, by Nirbhaya’s determination, while dying, to bring her assailants to justice, and by their fathers’ courage in speaking out on behalf of their daughters and women everywhere.

 

No country can get ahead if it leaves half of its people behind. This is why the United States believes gender equality is critical to our shared goals of prosperity, stability, and peace, and why investing in women and girls worldwide is critical to advancing U.S. foreign policy.

 

We invest in the training and mentoring of women entrepreneurs so they can not only lift up their own families, but also help their countries’ economies grow. We invest in girls’ education so that they can escape forced early marriage, break the cycle of poverty, and develop into community leaders and engaged citizens. Increasing girls’ and women’s education and their access to resources also improves the health and education of the next generation.

 

We work with partners around the world to boost maternal health, strengthen female farmers, and prevent and address gender-based violence because all societies benefit when women are healthy, safe, and can contribute their labor, leadership and creativity to the global economy. U.S. diplomats everywhere work to integrate women fully into peace negotiations and security efforts because bringing women’s experiences, concerns and insights to the table can help prevent future conflict and build more lasting peace.

 

Today, International Women’s Day, is a day of celebration. It is also a day when each of us must recommit to ending the inequality that prevents progress in every corner of the globe. We can and we must commit to this so that each of our daughters can ride the bus to school without fear, all of our sisters can fulfill their tremendous potential, and every woman and girl can live up to her full potential.

BERTYBREDTY COMPUTER CONGLOMERATES

Posted by [email protected] on March 10, 2013 at 2:45 PM Comments comments (0)

Cheeks Inn Business Ideas

                                    BBCC will be a company that will be under the same roofing as cheeks inn pub but will be operational within 9am to 4pm Mondays to Fridays. BBCC staff will be responsible for sales and repairs of computers, wireless internet provider, gaming (rentals), and sales of smart technology with networking cables installations. The office will be operational on the top decked area in the BBCC office building located in residence m473/6 in Madina Babayara, on the first link road.

                                    Cheeks Inn will be a local pub that will be operational within the hours of 7pm to 2am Mondays to Thursdays but 9am to 3am from Fridays to Sundays.

It will also sell alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages with a tilapia joint, chicken with chips package with vegetables on demand, and on special events a DSTV entertainment area.

This multipurpose conglomerate will be managed by me Rauf Eli Tsikata and I will be responsible for the sales in the IT department specifically computer sales and repairs and employee recruitments.

David Beckham set for Paris St Germain move

Posted by [email protected] on January 31, 2013 at 10:55 AM Comments comments (0)

The 37-year-old will be officially presented as a PSG player on Thursday afternoon and will begin training with the club in the next fortnight. Beckham has been without a club since leaving MLS side LA Galaxy in December and has been training with Arsenal. The former England captain had firm offers from 12 different clubs but has opted for Ligue 1's big spenders.

 

Play mediaDavid Beckham

Archive: Beckham's England highs and lows

Despite recently announcing he was to permanently base his family in London, Beckham always said he would make a decision on his next move based on "footballing reasons". PSG have spent more than £200m in the last 18 months, and are managed by Carlo Ancelotti - who was in charge of AC Milan during Beckham's loan spell there. They are also still in this season's Champions League and will face Spanish side Valencia in the last 16. The Paris club are currently top of Ligue 1 and already have a squad that includes Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Thiago Silva, Lucas Moura and Ezequiel Lavezzi.  Beckham, who made a record 115 outfield appearances for England, was part of the Manchester United side that famously beat Bayern Munich to win the 1999 Champions League. He left Old Trafford for Real Madrid in 2003, before agreeing his move to LA Galaxy in January 2007 and making his debut for the club in August in that year. He attracted criticism from some Galaxy fans after agreeing loan moves to AC Milan in 2009 and 2010 which meant missing some of the MLS season. And he brought an end to his five-and-half-year spell in the United States on 2 December after winning the MLS Cup for the second time. At PSG, Beckham will be hoping to win a league title in a fourth country, having already enjoyed success at Manchester United and Real Madrid in Europe before moving to Major League Soccer. Beckham had been close to joining PSG last January but opted to stay in California for one more season. PSG have been the highest-spending club in Europe in the past year and will officially present Beckham as their player at 16:00 GMT. Beckham was undergoing a medical at Pitie-Salptriere Hospital in Paris on Thursday afternoon.

 


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